Bharatnatyam is one of the most popular Indian classical dance. It is more popular in South Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Bharatnatyam dance is almost 2,000 years old. It is believed that Bharatnatyam was revealed by Lord Brahma to Bharata, then he setout this dance formin a Sanskrit text called the Natya Shastra. The Natya Shastra is one of the fundamental treatises on Indian drama and aesthetics.
The Bharatanatyam performance consists of ten portions: Alarippu, Jathiswaram, Shabdam, Varnam, Padam, Tillana, Keerthanam, Ashtapadi, and slokam
Originally a temple dance for women, bharatanatyam often is used to express Hindu religious stories and devotions.
Mohiniyattam is a unique form of lascivious dance in Kerala. Mohiniyattam, the only classical female dance form, has recently been performed by men as well. Mohiniyattam is a modified version of the devadasinritham that existed in Kerala temples. Kalamandalam Kalyanikuttyamma was a famous Mohiniyattam dancer in Kerala.The most popular Mohiniyattam items today are Cholkettu, Jatiswaram, Padam, Padavarnam and Thillana.The tactics should be given a fitting look and the limbs such as arms, legs, eyes and head should move beautifully. The ‘lean’ must be taken after each tactic and decision. Chari Mohiniyattam is characterized by a reclining foot.The study of the history of Mohiniyattam is steeped in speculation, mystery and controversy. Some argue that the Devadasi system existed in Kerala as well as elsewhere in India.Mohiniyattam, also referred to as Mohini-attam, is derived from “Mohini” – a famous female avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu in Indian mythology. … She appears in Hindu mythologies during a battle between Devas and Asuras after the evil had won control of Amrita.
Kuchipudi is a popular and unique dance form in India. It was born in the village of Kuchipudi in Andhra Pradesh.Kuchipudi village was also known as Kushilavapuri and Kuchelapuram. Prakrit plays were performed in temples in Telangana as early as two thousand years ago. While the Devadasis danced inside the temples, the men performed their own dance performances outside the temples. These were called Bhagavad Gita plays. The modified dance form of the Melanatakas became popular in the village of Kuchipudi. This form of drama later came to be known by the name of the village itself.
Kuchipudi’s textbook is Natyashastra itself. There are some striking similarities between Bharatanatyam and Kuchipudi in castes and tactics. Kuchipudi dance dramas are based on the stories of Lord Krishna from Bhagavatam. The influence of Bharatanatyam and Yakshaganam can be seen in these dance dramas.
Keralanadanam is a creative dance evolved from kathakali. At the same time its basis is scientific.. Although a dance form created by Guru Gopinath and Ragini Devi, it is rooted in the classical tradition of Indian dance.
Guru Gopinath and his Keralanadanam were the first to prove that not only Hindu mythology but any subject about man and society could be applied to Indian dance.It is a dance form that can be practiced by both men and women.Keralanadanam is a dance that gives prominence to drama like Kathakali.It is easy for the general public to understand because there is no definite costume concept. The main feature of this dance form is that it can be enjoyed not only by those who know and learn dance but also by the common man.